Distant Hill Geology Trail


“The poetry of the earth is never dead.”  - John Keats


The Geological History of Distant Hill

In 2017, we added Distant Hill Geology Trail to our network of trails at Distant Hill. Initially the Geology Trail was on its own, but in 2020 we connected the three-quarter mile long trail to Distant Hill Nature Trail. In 2022, we made the eastern half of the trail, including the 'Upper Loop', wheelchair and stroller accessible.

 

We plan to gravel the 'Lower Loop' and the remaining half of the trail in 2023-24. Although too steep in spots to be truly wheelchair accessible, it will make the traIl easier than it is now for walking visitors to navigate, and it might even be doable by power wheelchair users and strollers.   

A map of the trail network at Distant Hill including the Distant Hill Nature Trail, and Distant Hill Geology Trail.

The 10 Stops on the Geology Trail

Stop 1

The Geologic History of Distant Hill

 

An outcrop of metamorphic rock with informational signs about the geologic history of the bedrock that makes up of Distant Hill.


Stop 2 

Index Minerals & Metamorphic Grade

 

An explanation of the index minerals found in the exposed bedrock and how those minerals help determine the depth at which the rock formed.


Stop 3

Stretched Pebbles & Cobbles

 

Two outcrops of unique stretched pebble meta-conglomerate bedrock, flattened and stretched by the weight of miles of ocean-bed sediment.  


Stop 4

Boudins & Boudinage 

 

An outcrop containing long, oval rocks called boudins. Boudins collectively form what is referred to as Boudinage, a sausage-like rock formation caused by the stretching of a strong rock surround by a less stress-resistant rock.


Stop 5

Cross-bedding

 

An outcrop with an excellent example of cross-bedding, a sedimentary feature that shows the direction of the ocean currents at the time the sediment was originally deposited.


Stop 6

Bedrock Geology & Plant Occurrence

 

This stop explores the calcium-rich ‘Rattlesnake Knoll’. The calcium in the bedrock comes from ocean sediments high in precipitated calcite, making for a neutral pH and rich soils that allow for a number of rare plants.


Stop 7

Pegmatite Mine

 

A small mined outcrop of pegmatite, a coarse, crystalline-rich plutonic igneous rock historically mined in the area for crystals of minerals and gems such as feldspar, mica, quartz, tourmaline, and beryl.


Stop 8

Pegmatite Dome

 

A dome of pegmatite, the same type of rock found at Stop 8. This outcrop is still intact and has not been disturbed by mining as the previou pegmatite outcrop was.


Stop 9

Cliff & Talus Pile 

 

A rock cliff with a talus pile/slope below. The pile was created by the effects of erosion, weathering and gravity on the cliff's rocks.


Stop 10

Turbidite

 

An outcrop with an example of a turbidite, a sudden undersea landslide composed of obvious layers of sediment from coarse gravel to fine-grained siltstone.