The Cranberry Bog at Distant Hill
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We call this wetland at Distant Hill Gardens a Cranberry "Bog", but it is technically a semi-rich fen with a much more diverse list of plant species than a bog. It supports plants like
the tiny carnivorous Round-leaved Sundew, the beautiful Marsh St. John's Wort, Tawny Cotton Grass, and Large Cranberry.
The various types of wetlands are each defined by the plants that grow in them. Marshes are nutrient-rich wetlands that support a variety of reeds and grasses, while swamps are defined by their ability to support woody plants and trees. Bogs are characterized by their poor soil and high peat content and acidity levels with a pH of 4.0 or below, while fens have less peat and more plant species than a bog and a pH above 4.0.
The highlight of our fen's flora are the Rose Pogonia Orchids growing in the more nutrient-rich section of the fen. They bloom at the end of June into early July. They are often hard to view up close due to the difficulty in accessing the wetlands in which they are found. The boardwalk makes up-close viewing possible.